Free standing aluminum nanostructures as anodes for Li-ion rechargeable batteries

Ming Au, Scott McWhorter, Henry Ajo, Thad Adams, Yiping Zhao, John Gibbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The free standing aluminum nanorods were grown on electrode and evaluated electrochemically as the anodes in the half-cell of Li-ion battery. The average diameter and length of the nanorods are 80 nm and 200 nm, respectively. The aligned nanorods demonstrated high capacity of 1243 mAh g-1 at rate of 0.5 C. A gradual decrease of the initial capacity was observed. The characterization of the anodes shows that the changes of the crystalline structure and morphology during cycling may be responsible for the capacity decay. The appropriate selection of the substrate can overcome the problems and lead the sustainable high capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3333-3337
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Anode
  • Battery
  • Lithium
  • Nanostructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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