Fragility of Happiness Beliefs Across 15 National Groups

Mohsen Joshanloo, Dan Weijers, Ding Yu Jiang, Gyuseog Han, Jaechang Bae, Joyce S. Pang, Lok Sang Ho, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Meliksah Demir, Muhammad Rizwan, Imran Ahmed Khilji, Mustapha Achoui, Ryosuke Asano, Tasuku Igarashi, Saori Tsukamoto, Sanne M A Lamers, Yücel Turan, Suresh Sundaram, Victoria Wai Lan Yeung, Wai Ching PoonZarina Kh Lepshokova, Tatiana Panyusheva, Amerkhanova Natalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The belief that happiness is fragile—that it is fleeting and may easily turn into less favourable states—is common across individuals and cultures. However, not much is known about this belief domain and its structure and correlates. In the present study, we use multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel modelling to investigate the measurement invariance, cross-level isomorphism, predictive validity, and nomological network of the fragility of happiness scale across 15 nations. The results show that this scale has good statistical properties at both individual and cultural levels, and is associated with relevant psycho-social concepts in expected directions. The importance of the results, limitations, and potential directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1185-1210
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Culture
  • Fear of happiness
  • Fragility of happiness
  • Happiness
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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