First report and whole-genome sequencing of Pseudochrobactrum saccharolyticum in Latin America

Carine Rodrigues Pereira, Thiago de Jesus Sousa, Alessandra Lima da Silva, Roselane Gonçalves dos Santos, Sílvia Minharro, Dirceia Aparecida Costa Custódio, Derek J. Pickard, David O'Callaghan, Jeffrey T. Foster, Siomar de Castro Soares, Rommel Thiago Juca Ramos, Aristóteles Góes-Neto, Mateus Matiuzzi da Costa, Andrey Pereira Lage, Vasco Azevedo, Elaine Maria Seles Dorneles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Brucellaceae family comprises microorganisms similar both phenotypically and genotypically, making it difficult to identify the etiological agent of these infections. This study reports the first isolation, identification, and characterization of Pseudochrobactrum saccharolyticum (strain 115) from Latin America. Strain 115 was isolated in 2007 from a bovine in Brazil and was initially classified as Brucella spp. by classical microbiological tests and bcsp31 PCR. The antimicrobial susceptibility of strain 115 was tested against drugs used to treat human brucellosis by minimal inhibitory concentration test. Subsequently, the whole genome of the strain was sequenced, assembled, and characterized. Phylogenetic trees built from 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences enabled the classification of strain 115 as Pseudochrobactrum spp. Phylogenomic analysis using Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Average Nucleotide Identity allowed the classification of the strain as P. saccharolyticum. Additionally, a Tetra Correlation Search identified one related genome from the same species, which was compared with strain 115 by analyzing genomic islands. This is the first identification and whole-genome sequence of P. saccharolyticum in Latin America and highlights a challenge in the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis, which could be solved by including the sequencing of 16S rRNA and recA genes in routine diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105018
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Brucellaceae
  • Phylogenetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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