Fatty acid biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Cloning and characterization of the fabAB operon encoding [β-hydroxyacylacyl carrier protein dehydratase (FabA) and β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I (FabB)

Tung T. Hoang, Herbert P. Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Pseudomonas aeruginosa fabA and fabB genes, encoding β- hydroxyacyl-acyl carrier protein dehydratase and β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I, respectively, were cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. Northern analysis demonstrated that fabA and fabB are cotranscribed and most probably form a fabAB operon. The FabA and FabB proteins were similar in size and amino acid composition to their counterparts from Escherichia coli and to the putative homologs from Haemophilus influenzae. Chromosomal fabA and fabB mutants were isolated; the mutants were auxotrophic for unsaturated fatty acids. A temperature-sensitive fabA mutant was obtained by site-directed mutagenesis of a single base that induced a G101D change; this mutant grew normally at 30°C but not at 42°C, unless the growth medium was supplemented with oleate. By physical find genetic mapping, the fabAB genes were localized between 3.45 and 3.6 Mbp on the 5.9-Mbp chromosome; which corresponds to the 58- to 59.5-min region of the genetic map.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5326-5332
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume179
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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