Faster Exo-Earth yield for HabEx and LUVOIR via extreme precision radial velocity prior knowledge

Rhonda Morgan, Dmitry Savransky, Michael Turmon, Bertrand Mennesson, Walker Dula, Dean Keithly, Eric E. Mamajek, Patrick Newman, Peter Plavchan, Tyler D. Robinson, Gael Roudier, Chris Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The HabEx and LUVOIR mission concepts reported science yields for mission scenarios in which the instruments must search for potentially habitable planets, determine their orbits, and, if worthwhile, invest the integration time for a spectral characterization. We evaluate the impact of prior knowledge of planet existence and orbital parameters on yield for four mission concept architectures: HabEx 4m telescope with hybrid starshade and coronagraph, HabEx 4m telescope with starshade only, HabEx 4m telescope with coronagraph only, and LUVOIR B 8m telescope with coronagraph only. We use perfect prior knowledge to establish an upper bound on yield and use partial prior knowledge from a potential future extreme precision radial velocity (EPRV) instrument with 3 cm / s sensitivity. We detail a modeling framework that performs dynamically responsive observation scheduling with realistic mission constraints. We evaluate exo-Earth yields against three metrics of spectral characterization for the four mission architectures and three levels of prior knowledge (none, partial, and perfect). The EPRV provided prior knowledge increases yields by ∼30 % and accelerates by a factor of 3 to 6 the time to achieve half of the yield of the mission. Prior knowledge makes all the mission architectures more nimble and powerful, and most especially starshade-based architectures. With prior knowledge, a small telescope with a starshade can achieve comparable yield to a larger telescope with a coronagraph.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021220
JournalJournal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

Keywords

  • coronagraph
  • exoplanets
  • extreme precision radial velocity
  • HabEx
  • LUVOIR
  • mission simulation
  • observation scheduling
  • starshade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

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