Farallon slab detachment and deformation of the Magdalena Shelf, southern Baja California

Daniel Brothers, Alistair Harding, Antonio Gonzlez-Fernndez, W. Steven Holbrook, Graham Kent, Neal Driscoll, John Fletcher, Dan Lizarralde, Paul Umhoefer, Gary Axen

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23 Scopus citations


Subduction of the Farallon plate beneath northwestern Mexico stalled by ∼12 Ma when the Pacific-Farallon spreading-ridge approached the subduction zone. Coupling between remnant slab and the overriding North American plate played an important role in the capture of the Baja California (BC) microplate by the Pacific Plate. Active-source seismic reflection and wide-angle seismic refraction profiles across southwestern BC (∼24.5N) are used to image the extent of remnant slab and study its impact on the overriding plate. We infer that the hot, buoyant slab detached ∼40 km landward of the fossil trench. Isostatic rebound following slab detachment uplifted the margin and exposed the Magdalena Shelf to wave-base erosion. Subsequent cooling, subsidence and transtensional opening along the shelf (starting ∼8 Ma) starved the fossil trench of terrigenous sediment input. Slab detachment and the resultant rebound of the margin provide a mechanism for rapid uplift and exhumation of forearc subduction complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL09307
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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