Factors Associated with Cancer Screening Among Hopi Men

Ken Batai, Priscilla R. Sanderson, Chiu Hsieh Hsu, Lori Joshweseoma, Dana Russell, Lloyd Joshweseoma, Jordan Ojeda, Linda Burhansstipanov, Sylvia R. Brown, Delores Ami, Kathylynn Saboda, Robin B. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Cancer screening rates remain low among American Indian men, and cancer screening behaviors and barriers to cancer screening among American Indian men are not well understood. This study evaluated cancer screening behaviors in 102 Hopi men who were 50 years of age or older from the Hopi Survey of Cancer and Chronic Disease. Reported cancer screening frequencies were 15.7%, 45.1%, and 35.3% for fecal occult blood test (FOBT), colonoscopy, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, respectively. Among men who reported having had a FOBT, 81.2% had the test more than 1 year ago. Among men who reported a colonoscopy, 60.8% had colonoscopy within the past 3 years. Similarly, among men who reported having had PSA, 72.3% had PSA within the past 3 years. “No one told me” was the most common answer for not undergoing FOBT (33.7%), colonoscopy (48.2%), and PSA (39.4%). Men who reported having had a PSA or digital rectal exam were three times as likely to also report having a FOBT or colonoscopy (odds ratio [OR] 3.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.21–8.46). Younger age (< 65) was associated with reduced odds of ever having prostate cancer screening (OR 0.28, 95% CI: 0.10–0.77). Ever having colorectal cancer screening and previous diagnosis of cancer increased odds of ever having prostate cancer screening (OR 3.15, 95% CI: 1.13–8.81 and OR 5.28, 95% CI: 1.15–24.18 respectively). This study illustrates the importance of community cancer education for men to improve cancer screening participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-923
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • American Indians
  • Cancer screening
  • Hopi
  • Men
  • Native Americans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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