Evidence, Evocation and Public Memory in Rockstar Games’ Virtual Cityscapes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Visual images of cityscapes fall into two categories: evidence and evocation. Such interplay has a considerable impact on our public memory of the life of cities. After illustrating the visual categories of evidence and evocation in various types of media, we analyse the ways in which cities are evoked in a series of immersive ‘open world’ video distributed by Rockstar Games: Grand Theft Auto and L.A. Noire.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNew Cultural Capitals
Subtitle of host publicationUrban Pop Cultures in Focus
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781848881778
ISBN (Print)9789004373921
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Video games
  • cities
  • evidence
  • evocation
  • representation
  • visual culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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