Ethnic pride and cardiovascular health among Mexican American adults along the U.S.-Mexico border

Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Hector G. Balcazar, E. Lee Rosenthal, Victor M. Cardenas, Leslie O. Schulz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This study addressed the association between items from the General Acculturation Index (GAI) and cardiovascular health. Specifically, we assessed whether ethnic pride was associated with health outcomes after controlling for items regarding language, place where the childhood was spent, and ethnic interaction. The study was a cross-sectional analysis of demographic and clinical data from a border population of Mexican American adults (n = 316) at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Outcomes included smoking and diabetes status, Framingham risk, and metabolic syndrome. Ethnic pride was associated with lower diabetes prevalence, lower Framingham risk, and fewer risk factors for metabolic syndrome but was not associated with smoking status. Ethnic pride was not associated with the other acculturation items of the GAI. Among an at-risk border population, ethnic pride functioned independently of other acculturation indicators. Ethnic pride may act as a protective factor for diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and CVD risk status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-220
Number of pages17
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2011


  • Hispanic
  • acculturation
  • cardiovascular
  • diabetes
  • ethnic pride
  • metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language


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