Electrostatic patch effects in Casimir-force experiments performed in the sphere-plane geometry

R. O. Behunin, Y. Zeng, D. A.R. Dalvit, S. Reynaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patch potentials arising from the polycrystalline structure of material samples may contribute significantly to measured signals in Casimir force experiments. Most of these experiments are performed in the sphere-plane geometry; yet, up to now all analysis of patch effects has been taken into account using the proximity force approximation which, in essence, treats the sphere as a plane. In this paper we present the exact solution for the electrostatic patch interaction energy in the sphere-plane geometry and derive exact analytical formulas for the electrostatic patch force and minimizing potential. We perform numerical simulations to analyze the distance dependence of the minimizing potential as a function of patch size, and we quantify the sphere-plane patch force for a particular patch layout. Once the patch potentials on both surfaces are measured by dedicated experiments our formulas can be used to exactly quantify the sphere-plane patch force in the particular experimental situation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052509
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume86
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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