Electromyographic patterns during level and inclined treadmill running and their relationship to step cycle measures

Patrick R. Hannon, Stanley A. Rasmussen, Carl P. Derosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Eight highly skilled male distance runners were filmed while running on level and inclined treadmills. During the filming sequence, EMG measurements were collected on vastus medialis (VM) and semimembranosus (SM) of the right thigh. The initiation and duration of electrical activity of the two muscles was extracted from the recordings relative to the step cycle events. Analysis of covariance for repeated measures was utilized as a statistical treatment to examine the effect of treadmill grade (-10%, 0%, and +10%) upon step cycle and EMG data. Results indicate that treadmill grade had a significant effect on the relative duration of both stance and swing phases of the running step cycle and total step cycle duration. Total step cycle time and relative swing phase duration decreased as the treadmill grade was changed from a negative grade to a zero grade to a positive grade while the duration of the stance phase increased. EMG measures indicated decreases in relative duration of SM activity during the stance phase progressing from negative grade to zero grade to positive grade while an increase in SM activity was noted during the swing phase. VM activity during stance was longest in negative grade running, decreased in level grade running, and increased again in positive grade running.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-338
Number of pages5
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1985


  • Cinematography
  • Electromyography
  • Running locomotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Nephrology


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