Effects of policy change on wildland fire management strategies: Evidence for a paradigm shift in the western US?

Jesse D. Young, Alexander M. Evans, Jose M. Iniguez, Andrea Thode, Marc D. Meyer, Shaula J. Hedwall, Sarah McCaffrey, Patrick Shin, Ching Hsun Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


In 2009, new guidance for wildland fire management in the United States expanded the range of strategic options for managers working to reduce the threat of high-severity wildland fire, improve forest health and respond to a changing climate. Markedly, the new guidance provided greater flexibility to manage wildland fires to meet multiple resource objectives.Weuse Incident Status Summary reports to understand how wildland fire management strategies have differed across the western US in recent years and how management has changed since the 2009 Guidance for Implementation of Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy. When controlling for confounding variation, we found the 2009 Policy Guidance along with other concurrent advances in fire management motivated an estimated 27 to 73% increase in the number of fires managed with expanded strategic options, with only limited evidence of an increase in size or annual area burned. Fire weather captured a manager's intent and allocation of fire management resources relative to burning conditions, where a manager's desire and ability to suppress is either complemented by fire weather, at odds with fire weather, or put aside due to other priorities. We highlight opportunities to expand the use of strategic options in fireadapted forests to improve fuel heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-877
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Decision making
  • Dispersion
  • Hazards
  • Policy analysis
  • Regression discontinuity
  • Resource objective
  • Wildland fire policy
  • Zero inflation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Ecology


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