Effects of climate on soil phosphorus cycle and availability in natural terrestrial ecosystems

Enqing Hou, Chengrong Chen, Yiqi Luo, Guoyi Zhou, Yuanwen Kuang, Yuguang Zhang, Marijke Heenan, Xiankai Lu, Dazhi Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Climate is predicted to change over the 21st century. However, little is known about how climate change can affect soil phosphorus (P) cycle and availability in global terrestrial ecosystems, where P is a key limiting nutrient. With a global database of Hedley P fractions and key-associated physiochemical properties of 760 (seminatural) natural soils compiled from 96 published studies, this study evaluated how climate pattern affected soil P cycle and availability in global terrestrial ecosystems. Overall, soil available P, indexed by Hedley labile inorganic P fraction, significantly decreased with increasing mean annual temperature (MAT) and precipitation (MAP). Hypothesis-oriented path model analysis suggests that MAT negatively affected soil available P mainly by decreasing soil organic P and primary mineral P and increasing soil sand content. MAP negatively affected soil available P both directly and indirectly through decreasing soil primary mineral P; however, these negative effects were offset by the positive effects of MAP on soil organic P and fine soil particles, resulting in a relatively minor total MAP effect on soil available P. As aridity degree was mainly determined by MAP, aridity also had a relatively minor total effect on soil available P. These global patterns generally hold true irrespective of soil depth (≤10 cm or >10 cm) or site aridity index (≤1.0 or >1.0), and were also true for the low-sand (≤50%) soils. In contrast, available P of the high-sand (>50%) soils was positively affected by MAT and aridity and negatively affected by MAP. Our results suggest that temperature and precipitation have contrasting effects on soil P availability and can interact with soil particle size to control soil P availability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3344-3356
Number of pages13
JournalGlobal change biology
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • climate
  • global pattern
  • phosphorus cycle
  • soil phosphorus availability
  • soil property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

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