Effects of acute noise exposure on DNA damage response genes in the cochlea, cortex, heart and liver

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Noise as a systemic stressor induces various organ dysfunctions and the underlying molecular pathology is unknown. Previous studies have shown that noise exposure results in the accumulation of DNA damage in auditory and non-auditory organs. The DNA damage response (DDR) is a global protective mechanism that plays a critical role in maintaining DNA integrity. However, the role of DDR genes in noise induced systemic (non-auditory) pathology has not been investigated. The current pilot study was designed to test the hypothesis that an acute noise exposure would alter the normal expression of DDR genes (e.g., ATM, p53 & XPC) in auditory (cochlea) and non-auditory organs, such as the cortex, heart and liver. Mice were used as subjects in this study and consisted of a baseline group, a one-hour noise exposure (@105 dB) group, and a four-hour noise exposure (@105 dB) group. ATM, p53 and XPC expression levels were quantified through end-point polymerize chain reactions. The current study demonstrated that noise exposure failed to elicit statistically significant changes in DDR genes (relative to baseline) across the various organs. The failure of the cochlea, heart, cortex and liver to upregulate protective DDR genes during acute noise exposure might help to explain their susceptibility to noise-induced DNA damage. This suggests that, biomedical interventions to upregulate DDR genes may need to be implemented before noise exposure or during the early stages of noise exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104401
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • DNA repair
  • Health
  • Noise
  • Systemic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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