Effect of Variation in Early Rehabilitation on Hospital Readmission After Hip Fracture

Amit Kumar, Indrakshi Roy, Jason Falvey, James L. Rudolph, Maricruz Rivera-Hernandez, Stefany Shaibi, Pallavi Sood, Christine Childers, Amol Karmarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: Provision of early rehabilitation services during acute hospitalization after a hip fracture is vital for improving patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the amount of rehabilitation services received during the acute care stay and hospital readmission in older patients after a hip fracture. Methods: Medicare claims data (2016-2017) for older adults admitted to acute hospitals for a hip fracture (n = 131,127) were used. Hospital-based rehabilitation (physical therapy, occupational therapy, or both) was categorized into tertiles by minutes per day as low (median = 17.5), middle (median = 30.0), and high (median = 48.8). The study outcome was risk-adjusted 7-day and 30-day all-cause hospital readmission. Results: The median hospital stay was 5 days (interquartile range [IQR] = 4-6 days). The median rehabilitation minutes per day was 30 (IQR = 21-42.5 minutes), with 17 (IQR = 12.6-20.6 minutes) in the low tertile, 30 (IQR = 12.6-20.6 minutes) in the middle tertile, and 48.8 (IQR = 42.8-60.0 minutes) in the high tertile. Compared with high therapy minutes groups, those in the low and middle tertiles had higher odds of a 30-day readmission (low tertile: odds ratio [OR] = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.06-1.17; middle tertile: OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.02-1.12). In addition, patients who received low rehabilitation volume had higher odds of a 7-day readmission (OR = 1.20; 95% CI = 1.10-1.30) compared with high volume. Conclusion: Elderly patients with hip fractures who received less rehabilitation were at higher risk of readmission within 7 and 30 days. Impact: These findings confirm the need to update clinical guidelines in the provision of early rehabilitation services to improve patient outcomes during acute hospital stays for individuals with hip fracture. Lay summary: There is significant individual- and hospital-level variation in the amount of hospital-based rehabilitation delivered to older adults during hip fracture hospitalization. Higher intensity of hospital-based rehabilitation care was associated with a lower risk of hospital readmission within 7 and 30 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberpzac170
JournalPhysical therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023


  • Hip Fracture
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Patient-Centered Outcomes
  • Physical Therapy
  • Rehospitalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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