EEG manifestations of nondual experiences in meditators

Amanda E. Berman, Larry Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The holistic experiential benefits of meditation among a widely ranging population have been well established within the empirical literature. What remain less clear are the underlying mechanisms of the meditative process. A large impediment to this clarity is attributable to the lack of a unified and comprehensive taxonomy, as well as to the absence of clear differentiation within the literature between method of practice and resulting state. The present study discusses and then attempts to identify within our sample a theoretically universal culminating meditative state known as Nondual Awareness, which is differentiated from the method or practice state. Participants completed an in-lab meditation, during which neurological patterns were analyzed using electroencephalography (EEG). Analyses indicated significantly higher EEG power among slower wave frequencies (delta, theta, alpha) during the reported nondual events. These events appear neurologically distinct from meditation sessions as a whole, which interestingly demonstrated significant elevation within the gamma range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Contemplative Neuroscience
  • EEG
  • Meditation
  • Nondual Awareness
  • Nonduality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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