Do Older Adults Adjust Their Control Beliefs According to Changes in Mobility Limitations? Evidence From a Large-Scale Observational Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study examines cross-over, time-lagged (cross-lagged) effects of nonintervened changes between mobility limitations and control constraints/self-mastery. METHODS: Using the Health and Retirement Study data from the years 2006 to 2016 from 10,690 participants, changes in mobility limitations, control constraints, and self-mastery were analyzed simultaneously with 3 latent change score models, to account for measurement error and pre-existing mobility issues prior to baseline. RESULTS: An increase in mobility limitations predicts a decrease in mastery observed in the next interval, but not the other way around. Cross-lagged effects of changes are significant only between control and local mobility limitations concerning upper/lower extremity and associated large muscles. DISCUSSION: The results indicate reciprocity between perceived control constraints and local mobility regardless of pre-existing limitations. To better facilitate recovery and prevention, future intervention designs should consider alleviating control constraints in addition to improving self-mastery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1501-1510
Number of pages10
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume78
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2023

Keywords

  • Health
  • Longitudinal analysis
  • Mobility
  • Sense of control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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