Determination of sialic acid levels by using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in periodontitis and gingivitis

Alondra Hernández-Cedillo, Ma Guadalupe García-Valdivieso, Aida Catalina Hernández-Arteaga, Nuria Patiño-Marín, Ángel Antonio Vértiz-Hernández, Miguel José-Yacamán, Hugo Ricardo Navarro-Contreras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objectives: To compare the sialic acid (SA) levels in saliva among periodontitis-affected, gingivitis and control patients. Methods: The study involved 93 subjects. The participants were divided into three groups: (1) 30 subjects without periodontal disease (control group); (2) 30 subjects with gingivitis; and (3) 33 subjects with periodontitis. The oral parameters examined were as follows: (a) Simplified Oral Hygiene Index; (b) Calculus Index; (c) Gingival Index; (d) probing pocket depth; and (e) level of epithelial attachment. SA levels in saliva were measured by means of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). This method has demonstrated the capacity to detect extremely low concentrations of molecules. The spectrum was calibrated using analytical reagent SA. Results: The obtained median values for SA concentrations were 5.98, 7.32, and 17.12 mg/dl for control, gingivitis, and periodontitis patients, respectively. Conclusions: Our measurements by SERS corroborate that in periodontitis-affected patients, the SA concentration is larger than their concentrations in either control or gingivitis patients. This confirms previous reports and opens the possibility of using SERS as a diagnostic tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1627-1633
Number of pages7
JournalOral Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Ag nanoparticles
  • gingivitis
  • periodontitis
  • sialic acid
  • surface-enhanced Raman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry


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