Cyber-eco technology: Engineering of ecological systems

Paul G. Flikkema

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The Earth's human population and per capita use of resources have grown dramatically in the past century. Rapid conversion of land from wilderness to agricultural and urban use, air and water pollution, drawdown of potable water resources, overfishing, and increased use of fossil-based fuels have changed the Earth's natural systems, as indicated by increasing average global temperatures, invasions of exotic species, modification of the level and chemistry of our oceans, and rapidly declining biodiversity. Examines the impact to the global ecosystems and discusses initiatives to manage and control the terrestrial, aquatic, and martime systems impacted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6504492
Pages (from-to)1031-1033
Number of pages3
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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