Current and Future Trends in Strength and Conditioning for Female Athletes

Anthony C. Santos, Tristan J. Turner, Dierdra K. Bycura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Participation by female athletes in competitive sport has increased dramatically since the inception of Title IX, although female athletes are represented significantly less than their male counterparts in strength and conditioning (S&C) literature. This is apparent when examining current identified trends in the field, such as implementation of blood flow restriction (BFR) training, functional assessments to predict injuries, or the ever-increasing use of technology in sports. The aim of this review is to examine three prevalent trends in contemporary S&C literature as they relate to female athletes in order to expose areas lacking in research. We conducted journal and da-tabase searches to progressively deepen our examination of available research, starting first with broad emerging themes within S&C, followed next by an inquiry into literature concerning S&C practices in females, ending finally with a review of emerging topics concerning female athletes. To this end, 534 articles were reviewed from PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Google Scholar, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Web of Science. Results demonstrate the utility of implementing BFR, functional movement assessments, and various technologies among this population to expand representation of female athletes in S&C literature, improve athletic capabilities and performance, and decrease potential for injury over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2687
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022


  • Blood flow restriction
  • Functional movement
  • Injury prevention
  • Screening
  • Technology
  • Training
  • Women athletes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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