Culturally responsive schooling for indigenous youth: A review of the literature

Angelina E. Castagno, Bryan Mc Kinley Jones Brayboy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

440 Scopus citations


This article reviews the literature on culturally responsive schooling (CRS) for Indigenous youth with an eye toward how we might provide more equitable and culturally responsive education within the current context of standardization and accountability. Although CRS for Indigenous youth has been advocated for over the past 40 years, schools and classrooms are failing to meet the needs of Indigenous students. The authors suggest that although the plethora of writing on CRS reviewed here is insightful, it has had little impact on what teachers do because it is too easily reduced to essentializations, meaningless generalizations, or trivial anecdotes - none of which result in systemic, institutional, or lasting changes to schools serving Indigenous youth. The authors argue for a more central and explicit focus on sovereignty and self-determination, racism, and Indigenous epistemologies in future work on CRS for Indigenous youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)941-993
Number of pages53
JournalReview of Educational Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • Indian education
  • Indigenous peoples
  • Multicultural education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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