Cross-sex friendship and happiness

Amanda D. Procsal, Meliksah Demir, Aysun Doğan, Ayça Özen, Nebi Sümer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


Established research has shown that friendship is an important correlate of happiness. Yet, these studies did not directly examine the relationship between cross-sex friendship and happiness. Thus, the studies reported in this chapter aimed to investigate the association of cross-sex friendship with happiness. The first study revealed that cross-sex friendship quality and happiness are positively correlated, regardless of how happiness was assessed (e.g., affective, global). The second study showed that cross-sex friendship-happiness association is similar among emerging adults in Turkey and the U.S. The third study provided additional support for a positive relationship between cross-sex friendship quality and happiness, as it revealed that cross-sex friendship quality predicted unique variance in happiness above and beyond the role of personality for both U.S. and Turkish samples. Collectively, the studies have shown that cross-sex friendship quality is a reliable correlate of happiness. Findings were evaluated in light of theory and directions for future research were provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFriendship and Happiness: Across The Life-Span and Cultures
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9789401796033, 9789401796026
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Cross-cultural
  • Cross-Sex Friendship
  • Emerging adults
  • Happiness
  • Personality
  • Turkey
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)


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