Cross-sex friendship and happiness

Amanda D. Procsal, Meliksah Demir, Aysun Doğan, Ayça Özen, Nebi Sümer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


Established research has shown that friendship is an important correlate of happiness. Yet, these studies did not directly examine the relationship between cross-sex friendship and happiness. Thus, the studies reported in this chapter aimed to investigate the association of cross-sex friendship with happiness. The first study revealed that cross-sex friendship quality and happiness are positively correlated, regardless of how happiness was assessed (e.g., affective, global). The second study showed that cross-sex friendship-happiness association is similar among emerging adults in Turkey and the U.S. The third study provided additional support for a positive relationship between cross-sex friendship quality and happiness, as it revealed that cross-sex friendship quality predicted unique variance in happiness above and beyond the role of personality for both U.S. and Turkish samples. Collectively, the studies have shown that cross-sex friendship quality is a reliable correlate of happiness. Findings were evaluated in light of theory and directions for future research were provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFriendship and Happiness
Subtitle of host publicationAcross The Life-Span and Cultures
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789401796033
ISBN (Print)9789401796026
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Cross-Sex Friendship
  • Cross-cultural
  • Emerging adults
  • Happiness
  • Personality
  • Turkey
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Cross-sex friendship and happiness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this