In this work, we synthesized ZnO nanorods by a wet chemical process. By varying different parameters of the synthesis process like precursor concentration, solvent used, surfactant, temperature, and reaction time, we were able to control the aspect ratio (l/d) and sharpness factor (S f = h/b) of the rods. Rods with an aspect ratio of ∼20 and a sharpness factor of 10 were repeatedly obtained and characterized from scanning electron microscopy. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and dark field analysis revealed that nanorods grow as a single crystal along the c axis . UV and visible emission was obtained in both flat- and sharp-terminated rods. According to the XPS analysis, rods present an excess of Zn 2+ of ∼4% that is responsible for the strong yellow emission band. Such defects were removed by annealing of the sample at 200°C for 2 h. Possible mechanisms of changes in the morphology produced by changes in the synthesis process are also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films