Consequences of Preterm Birth: Knowns, Unknowns, and Barriers to Advancing Cardiopulmonary Health

Colin D. Hubbard, Melissa L. Bates, Andrew T. Lovering, Joseph W. Duke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Preterm birth occurs in 10% of all live births and creates challenges to neonatal life, which persist into adulthood. Significant previous work has been undertaken to characterize and understand the respiratory and cardiovascular sequelae of pretermbirth,which are present in adulthood, i.e., "late"outcomes.However,many gaps in knowledge are still present and there are several challenges that will make filling these gaps difficult. In this perspective we discuss the obstacles of studying adults born preterm, including (1) the need for invasive (direct) measures of physiologic function; (2) the need for multistate, multinational, and diverse cohorts; (3) lack of socialized medicine in the United States; (4) need for detailed and better-organized birth records; and (5) transfer of neonatal and pediatric knowledge to adult care physicians.We conclude with a discussion on the "future"of studying pretermbirth in regards towhatmay happen to these individuals as they approachmiddle andolder age and how the improvements in perinatal and postnatal care may be changing the phenotypes observed in adults born preterm on or after the year 2000.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-704
Number of pages12
JournalIntegrative and Comparative Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Plant Science


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