Platinum-modified first-row transition-metal catalyst (M = Ni, Co, and Cu) nanoparticles on a carbon black Vulcan XC-72R (CBV) support were synthesized using rotating disk slurry electrodeposition (RoDSE) followed by spontaneous galvanic displacement (SGD) reactions. These RoDSE-SGD catalysts were evaluated for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in 0.1 M KOH using rotating disk electrode techniques. The Ni and Co RoDSEs were done by using an electrochemical applied potential of-0.75 V versus the RHE and for Cu,-0.80 V versus the RHE using a CBV slurry solution containing 0.1 M KClO4. These metal nanoparticles on CBV (M/CBV) catalysts were modified with a Pt precursor via a spontaneous galvanic displacement (SGD) reaction, producing a Pt-M/CBV material to catalyze the ORR in an alkaline medium. High-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (HR-STEM) analysis indicates that the PtM/CBV samples include M clusters and Pt single atoms. The ORR characterization measurements were done under a controlled temperature (25.0 °C) and with a mass loading of 100 μg/cm2 on a glassy carbon (GC) rotating disk electrode at 1600 rpm. The PtCo/CBV showed the highest ORR mass activity of 0.741 A/mgPt at 0.90 V versus the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) compared with commercial Pt/CBV. The M/CBV RoDSE catalysts were also tested for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and Ni/CBV provided the lowest overpotential of 450 mV at 10 mA/cm2disk in 0.1 M KOH.
- first-row transition metals
- in situ XAS
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering