Coccidioides immitis and C. posadasii are the causative agents of coccidioidomycosis, or San Joaquin Valley Fever. The disease was first described in 1892 in Argentina, and its distribution and frequency investigated into the mid-1900s. National reporting has measured a recent increase in disease burden in the United States. All mammals appear to be susceptible to infection; however disease manifestation varies from asymptomatic to lethal. Several thousand cases of the disease are reported annually in the United States. We discuss the epidemiology, diagnostics, virulence factors, and treatment options for coccidioidomycosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)