Closed loop heading control in the tobacco hawkmoth, Manduca sexta

Michael W. Shafer, Rashi Tiwari, Ephrahim Garcia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The study of Tobacco hawkmoths, Manduca sexta, with respect to the relationships between muscle activation and flight response has progressed to a point that closed loop heading control is possible on the live, tethered animals. We present a method of control through stimulation of the dorsoventral muscle (DVM) groups that are responsible for the upward motion of the wings. An experimental setup allowing for only yaw in flying moths was developed. A 10% duty cycle square wave input was used to stimulate the DVM on the side of the moth inboard of the desired turn. Both continuous and discontinuous signals were used and the results suggest that the moth is able to compensate for consistent input stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 7 2011Mar 9 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Manduca sexta
  • closed loop control
  • dorsal ventral muscle
  • heading
  • tobacco hawkmoth
  • yaw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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