Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative, facultative intracellular bacillus that causes the disease melioidosis. B. pseudomallei expresses a number of proteins that contribute to its intracellular survival in the mammalian host. We previously demonstrated that immunization with OMVs derived from B. pseudomallei grown in nutrient-rich media protects mice against lethal disease. Here, we evaluated if OMVs derived from B. pseudomallei grown under macrophage-mimicking growth conditions could be enriched with intracellular-stage proteins in order to improve the vaccine. We show that OMVs produced in this manner (M9 OMVs) contain proteins associated with intracellular survival yet are non-toxic to living cells. Immunization of mice provides significant protection against pulmonary infection similar to that achieved with a live attenuated vaccine and is associated with increased IgG, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells. OMVs possess inherent adjuvanticity and drive DC activation and maturation. These results indicate that M9 OMVs constitute a new promising vaccine against melioidosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)