Beyond “Greeks”: Toward More Inclusive Histories of the Ancient Mediterranean

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This article argues that a commitment to the category of “Greeks” in framing the study of the ancient Mediterranean embeds us in the legacies of nationalism, colonialism, and racism, and rests on a problematic evidentiary basis. After reviewing the ways that scholarly narratives subtly endorse this legacy, I examine two case studies, Classical Athens and the world of the Hellenistic kingdoms, to argue that minimal impact of Greek identity discourse does not justify framing their histories through the category of Greekness. The paper closes with a consideration of how to reframe “Greek” history in more inclusive and coherent ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-52
Number of pages33
JournalAncient History Bulletin
StatePublished - 2023


  • Athens
  • Greekness
  • Hellenistic World
  • identity
  • modern historiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Classics
  • Archaeology
  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Anthropology


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