Beyond civil society: Child soldiers as citizens in Mozambique

Carol B. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The conditions match any of the most terrifying and depraved suffered by past generations afflicted by war. Yet the victims are not only soldiers. At the beginning of this century, 90 per cent of war casualties in Mozambique were military; today about 90 per cent are civilian. Yet even this sobering UNDP (1994) figure does not name the problem, for the term 'civilian' obfuscates the vulnerability and innocence of child victims. The conditions for children who are forced to bear arms erase the traditional analytical categories of military, civilian and child. An estimated 300,000 children under 18, some as young as five years old, are currently serving in 36 wars around the world right now (Brett and McCallin, 1998:19,24).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-206
Number of pages16
JournalReview of African Political Economy
Issue number80
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Political Science and International Relations


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