Balancing food security, vertebrate biodiversity, and healthy rice agroecosystems in Southeast Asia

Catherine R. Propper, Jodi L. Sedlock, Richard E. Smedley, Oliver Frith, Molly E. Shuman-Goodier, Alejandro Grajal-Puche, Alexander M. Stuart, Grant R. Singleton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Rice is the dominant food staple and an important economic resource throughout Asia. Lowland rice production also provides important wetland habitats in support of biodiversity that may provide ecosystem services back to the rice agroecosystems. This review summarizes the literature on the ecosystem benefits that amphibians, birds, bats, and rodents support in the context of the Southeast Asia rice agroecosystems. The literature provides evidence that these taxonomic groups contribute to cultural, regulatory, and provisioning services in support of smallholder farmers and may allow for economic benefits through reduced use of chemical inputs into crops. We encourage a multipronged research approach to bring stakeholders together to provide structured and scalable education programs that will lead to improved human and agroecosystem health through the promotion of understanding the positive feedbacks from biodiversity in these important agricultural wetland habitats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalCrop and Environment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • Agroecosystems
  • Ecosystem services
  • Rice production
  • Southeast Asia
  • Vertebrate biodiversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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