Badger Springs: Evidence for a Late Paleoindian Angostura Occupation on the Southwestern Colorado Plateau

Kye W. Miller, Jacob D. Tumelaire, Kasey M. Flavin, Francis E. Smiley, Brendan D. Stewart, Leszek Pawlowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The Badger Springs site (AZ D:5:13; NA10924) is a late Paleoindian occupation located on the Kaibito Plateau in northeastern Arizona, just northwest of Black Mesa. The site was discovered and surface-collected in the 1970s. Quantitative analyses conducted as part of this research revealed that the Badger Springs projectile points are morphologically consistent with projectile points of the Angostura type. Previous archaeological investigations have failed to identify late Paleoindian campsites, especially Angostura occupations, on the southwestern Colorado Plateau. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we present a morphological analysis of projectile points from the Badger Springs site in northeastern Arizona using quantitative methods developed by Pitblado [Pitblado, Bonnie L. 2007 Angostura, Jimmy Allen, Foothills-Mountain: Clarifying Terminology for Late Paleoindian Southern Rocky Mountain Spear Points. In Frontiers in Colorado Paleoindian Archaeology, edited by R. H. Brunswig and B. L. Pitblado. University Press of Colorado, Boulder] to determine point type and, therefore, probable adaptive strategy. Second, we discuss the implications of the presence of a late Paleoindian Angostura occupation on the southwestern Colorado Plateau and the Badger Springs assemblage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-70
Number of pages20
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2016


  • Adaptive strategy
  • Angostura
  • Arizona
  • Badger Springs
  • Colorado Plateau
  • Jimmy Allen
  • Lithic technology
  • Paleoindian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Anthropology
  • History
  • Archaeology


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