Arginine vasotocin (AVT) is a neuropeptide involved in reproductive function in many nonmammalian vertebrates. We determined brain and plasma AVT concentrations during the estrous cycle and oviposition in the lizard Anolis carolinensis. There were no differences in AVT concentrations in the plasma or any brain region during the ovipositional sequence. However, we found that females with an egg in each oviduct and a large pre‐ovulatory follicle (diameter > 4.5 mm) in oneovary had significantly higher AVT concentrations in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) of the hypothalamus than did females with small pre‐ovulatory follicles in both ovaries. In a second study, females with an egg in each oviduct and a large pre‐ovulatory follicle had significantly greater AVT concentrations in the SON than females with only one oviductal egg and a large pre‐ovulatory follicle or females with an egg in each oviduct and a small pre‐ovulatory follicle in each ovary. Concentrations of AVT in other brain regions and in the plasma did not differ among these groups. Changes in steroid profiles during estrous and/or direct neural communication between the uterus, ovary, and brain may account for the changes in AVT concentrations seen in the supraoptic nucleus during the estrous cycle of Anolis carolinensis. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology