Anger by any other name: Sampling the domain

Mary Lu Anne Lilly, Jan Beckstrand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The purpose of this paper is to introduce some of the conceptual and theoretical issues surrounding the measure of anger in the elderly, to present a brief data-based case from an Alzheimer caregiving study, and to provide recommendations for measuring the anger variable. The limited research available suggests that Spielberger's updated State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory 2 (STAXI-2) is a good choice for clinicians and researchers, because it has a strong conceptual basis. The STAXI-2 has normative data for a variety of age groups, and includes representative anger terms found in interview data with elderly individuals. Additional recommendations are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternet Journal of Mental Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011


  • Aged
  • Anger
  • Emotions
  • Vocabulary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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