Analysis of Factors Affecting Injury Severity in Traffic Crashes on Arizona Tribal Lands

Emmanuel James, Brendan J. Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Reducing fatal and serious injuries sustained in traffic crashes on tribal lands is a priority of federal, state, and local agencies in the United States. In the state of Arizona, the proportion of fatal and severe injury crashes on several areas of tribal land are 4.0% higher compared with statewide statistics. There is a need to investigate why higher proportions of fatal and severe injuries are occurring on tribal lands to plan effective countermeasures aimed at improving traffic safety in these areas. This study presents an analysis of factors affecting injury severity in crashes occurring within five tribal reservations in the state of Arizona. Crash data were obtained from the Arizona Department of Transportation, and the analysis included data for 9,597 persons involved in traffic crashes on these tribal lands for the years 2010–2016. An ordered logit model with random parameters was estimated using this data to identify factors significantly associated with severe injury outcomes in the event of a crash on tribal lands. Several person-, vehicle-, roadway-, and environmental-related variables were found to impact injury severity. For instance, alcohol and safety device usage were significantly associated with severity outcomes. The results of this study have the potential to aid transportation agencies effectively plan strategies to reduce traffic crash injuries and fatalities on tribal lands, and potential countermeasures considering the 4Es of traffic safety (engineering, education, enforcement, and emergency medical services) are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-354
Number of pages10
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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