An introduction to physical therapy modalities

Brenda L. Chapman, Rainer B. Liebert, Monica R. Lininger, Jessica J. Groth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Timely and appropriate rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries is the most effective way of restoring full function and decreasing the likelihood of recurrence of the same injury. Application of specific physical therapy modalities and therapeutic exercises is based on the stages of healing. A typical physical therapy protocol progresses sequentially through the following phases: pain control, restoring range of motion, restoring strength, neuromuscular retraining, and return to full activity. The commonly used modalities reviewed here include heat, cold, ultrasound, phonophoresis, iontophoresis, and electrical stimulation. In this article we provide a basic review of physical therapy modalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-23
Number of pages13
JournalAdolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


Dive into the research topics of 'An introduction to physical therapy modalities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this