An activity-related land use mix construct and its connection to pedestrian travel

Steven R. Gehrke, Kelly J. Clifton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Integrating a diverse set of land use types within a neighborhood is a central tenet of smart growth policy. Over a generation of urban planning research has heralded the transportation, land use, and public health benefits arising from a balanced supply of local land uses, including the improved feasibility for pedestrian travel. However, land use mixing has largely remained a transportation-land use planning goal without a conceptually valid set of environmental indicators quantifying this multifaceted spatial phenomenon. In this study, we incorporated activity-based transportation planning and landscape ecology theory within a confirmatory factor analysis framework to introduce a land use mix construct indicative of the paired landscape pattern aspects of composition and configuration. We found that our activity-related land use mix measure, and not the commonly adopted entropy-based index, predicted walk mode choice and home-based walk trip frequency when operationalized at three geographic scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-26
Number of pages18
JournalEnvironment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Land use mix
  • built environment
  • pedestrian models
  • smart growth
  • travel behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Architecture
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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