Advanced practice nursing: Constraints to role fulfillment

Karen A. Plager, Margaret M. Conger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This paper reports on a secondary analysis of data from an outcomes study of advanced practice nurse (APN) graduates from a university in the southwest United States. These authors describe the theme-constraints to role fulfillment-that emerged from data analysis. Interpretive phenomenology was the methodology used. All nursing masters graduates in practice for at least one year were invited to participate in the study either through a focus group or individual interview. Four themes related to constraints to role fulfillment for APNs were uncovered, including issues related to the practice setting, health care systems, legal systems, and environmental constraints. Implications for education, practice, and policy are discussed. Further research is indicated to explore the effect of various environments on APNs' ability to provide access to health care for all people in this country. Outcomes studies of APN programs can reveal helpful insights for program evaluation and continued improvement of educational programs. Copyright Internet Scientific Publications, LLC, 1996 to 2008.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007


  • Advance practice nurse
  • Clinical nurse specialist
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Practice barriers
  • Role constraints

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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