Adaptation Strategies and Approaches for Managing Fire in a Changing Climate

Martha Sample, Andrea E. Thode, Courtney Peterson, Michael R. Gallagher, William Flatley, Megan Friggens, Alexander Evans, Rachel Loehman, Shaula Hedwall, Leslie Brandt, Maria Janowiak, Christopher Swanston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


As the effects of climate change accumulate and intensify, resource managers juggle existing goals and new mandates to operationalize adaptation. Fire managers contend with the direct effects of climate change on resources in addition to climate-induced disruptions to fire regimes and subsequent ecosystem effects. In systems stressed by warming and drying, increased fire activity amplifies the pace of change and scale of severe disturbance events, heightening the urgency for management action. Fire managers are asked to integrate information on climate impacts with their professional expertise to determine how to achieve management objectives in a changing climate with altered fire regimes. This is a difficult task, and managers need support as they incorporate climate adaptation into planning and operations. We present a list of adaptation strategies and approaches specific to fire and climate based on co-produced knowledge from a science–management partnership and pilot-tested in a two-day workshop with natural resource managers and regional stakeholders. This "menu" is a flexible and useful tool for fire managers who need to connect the dots between fire ecology, climate science, adaptation intent, and management implementation. It was created and tested as part of an adaptation framework used widely across the United States and should be applicable and useful in many fire-prone forest ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number58
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Adaptive management
  • Climate adaptation
  • Fuel treatments
  • Prescribed fire
  • Resilience
  • Resistance
  • Restoration
  • Transition
  • Wildfire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Adaptation Strategies and Approaches for Managing Fire in a Changing Climate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this