Abiotic ozone and oxygen in atmospheres similar to prebiotic earth

Shawn D. Domagal-Goldman, Antígona Segura, Mark W. Claire, Tyler D. Robinson, Victoria S. Meadows

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

The search for life on planets outside our solar system will use spectroscopic identification of atmospheric biosignatures. The most robust remotely detectable potential biosignature is considered to be the detection of oxygen (O2) or ozone (O3) simultaneous to methane (CH 4) at levels indicating fluxes from the planetary surface in excess of those that could be produced abiotically. Here we use an altitude-dependent photochemical model with the enhanced lower boundary conditions necessary to carefully explore abiotic O2 and O3 production on lifeless planets with a wide variety of volcanic gas fluxes and stellar energy distributions. On some of these worlds, we predict limited O2 and O3 buildup, caused by fast chemical production of these gases. This results in detectable abiotic O3 and CH4 features in the UV-visible, but no detectable abiotic O2 features. Thus, simultaneous detection of O3 and CH4 by a UV-visible mission is not a strong biosignature without proper contextual information. Discrimination between biological and abiotic sources of O2 and O3 is possible through analysis of the stellar and atmospheric context - particularly redox state and O atom inventory - of the planet in question. Specifically, understanding the spectral characteristics of the star and obtaining a broad wavelength range for planetary spectra should allow more robust identification of false positives for life. This highlights the importance of wide spectral coverage for future exoplanet characterization missions. Specifically, discrimination between true and false positives may require spectral observations that extend into infrared wavelengths and provide contextual information on the planet's atmospheric chemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number90
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume792
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Earth
  • infrared: planetary systems
  • planet-star interactions
  • planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • planets and satellites: terrestrial planets
  • ultraviolet: planetary systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Abiotic ozone and oxygen in atmospheres similar to prebiotic earth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this