A wide-field CCD survey for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt objects

Scott S. Sheppard, David C. Jewitt, Chadwick A. Trujillo, Michael J.I. Brown, Michael C.B. Ashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

A modified Baker-Nunn camera was used to conduct a wide-field survey of 1428 deg2 of sky near the ecliptic in search of bright Kuiper Belt objects and Centaurs. This area is an order of magnitude larger than any previously published CCD survey for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt objects. No new objects brighter than red magnitude mR = 18.8 and moving at a rate 1″ to 20″ hr-1 were discovered, although one previously discovered Centaur, 1997 CU26 (Chariklo), was serendipitously detected. The parameters of the survey were characterized using both visual and automated techniques. From this survey, the empirical projected surface density of Centaurs was found to be ΣC(mR ≤ 18.8) = 7.8+16.0-6.6 × 10-4 deg-2, and we found a projected surface density 3 σ upper confidence limit for Kuiper Belt objects of ΣK(mR ≤ 18.8) < 4.1 × 10-3 deg-2. We discuss the current state of the cumulative luminosity functions of both Centaurs and Kuiper Belt objects. Through a Monte Carlo simulation we show that the size distribution of Centaurs is consistent with a q ∼ 4 differential power law, similar to the size distribution of the parent Kuiper Belt objects. The Centaur population is of order 1 × 107 (radius ≥ 1 km), assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04. We predict about 100 Centaurs larger than 50 km in radius, of which only four are presently known. The current total mass of the Centaurs is about 10-4 M. No dust clouds were detected resulting from Kuiper Belt object collisions, placing a 3 σ upper limit of fewer than 600 collisionally produced clouds of mR < 18.8 per year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2687-2694
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume120
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Kuiper belt, Oort cloud
  • Minor planets, asteroids
  • Solar system: General
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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