A stoichiometric approach to estimate sources of mineral-associated soil organic matter

Yi Chang, Noah W. Sokol, Kees Jan van Groenigen, Mark A. Bradford, Dechang Ji, Thomas W. Crowther, Chao Liang, Yiqi Luo, Yakov Kuzyakov, Jingkuan Wang, Fan Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Mineral-associated soil organic matter (MAOM) is the largest, slowest cycling pool of carbon (C) in the terrestrial biosphere. MAOM is primarily derived from plant and microbial sources, yet the relative contributions of these two sources to MAOM remain unresolved. Resolving this issue is essential for managing and modeling soil carbon responses to environmental change. Microbial biomarkers, particularly amino sugars, are the primary method used to estimate microbial versus plant contributions to MAOM, despite systematic biases associated with these estimates. There is a clear need for independent lines of evidence to help determine the relative importance of plant versus microbial contributions to MAOM. Here, we synthesized 288 datasets of C/N ratios for MAOM, particulate organic matter (POM), and microbial biomass across the soils of forests, grasslands, and croplands. Microbial biomass is the source of microbial residues that form MAOM, whereas the POM pool is the direct precursor of plant residues that form MAOM. We then used a stoichiometric approach—based on two-pool, isotope-mixing models—to estimate the proportional contribution of plant residue (POM) versus microbial sources to the MAOM pool. Depending on the assumptions underlying our approach, microbial inputs accounted for between 34% and 47% of the MAOM pool, whereas plant residues contributed 53%–66%. Our results therefore challenge the existing hypothesis that microbial contributions are the dominant constituents of MAOM. We conclude that biogeochemical theory and models should account for multiple pathways of MAOM formation, and that multiple independent lines of evidence are required to resolve where and when plant versus microbial contributions are dominant in MAOM formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere17092
JournalGlobal change biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • meta-analysis
  • mineral-associated organic matter
  • particulate organic matter
  • plant carbon
  • soil carbon
  • soil organic matter dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • General Environmental Science


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