A solid-state sensor platform for the detection of hydrogen cyanide gas

Timothy L. Porter, Timothy L. Vail, Michael P. Eastman, Ray Stewart, Jim Reed, Richard Venedam, William Delinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Embedded piezoresistive microcantilever (EPM) sensors provide a tiny, low-cost and simple platform for the detection of a variety of analytes. EPM sensors are small, MEMS-based devices consisting of a piezoresistive microcantilever partially embedded into a sensing material designed to respond volumetrically when exposed to a specific analyte. In this study, we have used EPM sensors to detect hydrogen cyanide gas released when crystalline potassium cyanide is exposed to acids. Results indicate that the EPM sensors provide a fast response (less than 5 s) to levels of HCN that may be lethal to humans. The same sensors show little or no response to pure sulfuric acid vapors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-317
Number of pages5
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 10 2007


  • Cyanide
  • Embedded
  • Microcantilever
  • Piezoresistive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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