A scoping review of PhotoVoice for people with post-stroke aphasia

Aimee Dietz, Chitrali R. Mamlekar, Katrina L. Bakas, Michael J. McCarthy, Dana Harley, Tamilyn Bakas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: PhotoVoice is a qualitative research methodology designed to engage and empower marginalized members of a community and/or to understand community needs. PhotoVoice seems aphasia-friendly because it relies on personal photographs to convey opinions regarding prespecified topics. However, PhotoVoice is based on a procedure referred to as the SHOWeD method. Participants are asked to reflect upon their photos by discussing (1) what they See, (2) what is Happening, (3) the relation to Our life, (3) Why the issue or condition exists, and then to (4) explain what can be Done to address the issue(s) at hand. Due to the linguistic demand required to convey complex thoughts and ideas inherent in this methodology, adaptations are likely required to successfully implement with people who have aphasia. Aims: A scoping review was conducted to summarize the current literature regarding the use of PhotoVoice with people who have aphasia, to address two questions: (1) Are people with post-stroke aphasia included in PhotoVoice studies? (2) What, if any, modifications are required to address post-stroke aphasia and motor impairments? Main contribution: This scoping review revealed that researchers often exclude people with aphasia from post-stroke PhotoVoice research. Three studies outlined adaptations that allowed successful implementation with people who have post-stroke aphasia. Conclusions: Further inquiry regarding how best to adapt PhotoVoice for people with aphasia will facilitate their ability to be included in community-based research. This is an important step in ensuring that all post-stroke stakeholders are involved in projects related to social justice and policy for stroke survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-235
Number of pages17
JournalTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • aphasia friendly
  • community-based participatory action research
  • PhotoVoice
  • qualitative assessment
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care
  • Clinical Neurology

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