Records of relative sea-level rise for the last deglaciation are mostly limited to coral reef records and geophysical model estimates, but observational data from regions with temperate climates is sparse. We present a new relative climatic and regional sea-level rise record for glacial Termination 1 (Marine Isotope Stages [MIS] 2–1) based on ostracode paleoecology from the upper 8 m of the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Site M0080 collected on Expedition 381, in the Gulf of Alkyonides, eastern Corinth basin of the Mediterranean Sea. Results show a series of major faunal transitions from lacustrine (Ponto-Caspian, Lake Corinth) glacial-age assemblages to fully marine (Mediterranean) interglacial assemblages between 20 and 8 ka. During glacial and early deglacial intervals, the Gulf of Alkyonides was characterized by non-marine lacustrine conditions with episodic sediment input from coastal, saline lake environments. Relatively stable lake shoreline conditions marked by the distinctive Tuberoloxoconcha sp. Existed from ∼17.5 to 15 ka. During the peak deglacial interval, the BØlling-AllerØd (B-A, ∼15–13.5 ka), rapid sea-level rise is indicated by a fully marine ostracode fauna colonization, which persisted from 13.5 to 7.5 ka (Late Pleistocene-Early to Middle Holocene). The transition from lacustrine to marine environments confirms that during the last glacial maximum (LGM) low sea level (130 - 125 m below present day), the Corinth-Alkyonides depocentres were lacustrine. Marine water breached the shallow Rion and Acheloos-Cape Pappas sills, which today are ∼50–60 m deep, separating the Mediterranean and Corinth-Alkyonides system beginning about 15 ka. Based on Alkyonides sedimentation rates, mean rates of sea-level rise during the B-A flooding of the Corinth-Alkyonides system are comparable to those obtained from coral reef sea level (SL) records, at least 10–20 mm yr−1. Changes in sedimentation and sill depths in this tectonically active region may have played a role in reconnection of the Mediterranean and Corinth/Alkyonides system over a prolonged period. However, the ages and scale of the faunal changes and their clear correspondence with previously published global sea-level curves and the regional sea-level curve based on deglacial land elevation changes predicted by the ICE-7G model suggests the M0080A deglacial is dominated by the glacio-eustatic sea-level rise and records details of global climate changes during Termination 1.
- Climate changes
- Corinth basin
- Paleoenvironmental reconstruction
- Termination 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Global and Planetary Change
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics