A new deglacial climate and sea-level record from 20 to 8 ka from IODP381 site M0080, Alkyonides Gulf, eastern Mediterranean

Ilaria Mazzini, Thomas M. Cronin, Robert L. Gawthorpe, Richard E. Ll Collier, Gino de Gelder, Anna Rose Golub, Michael R. Toomey, Robert K. Poirier, Huai Hsuan May Huang, Marcie Purkey Phillips, Lisa C. McNeill, Donna J. Shillington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Records of relative sea-level rise for the last deglaciation are mostly limited to coral reef records and geophysical model estimates, but observational data from regions with temperate climates is sparse. We present a new relative climatic and regional sea-level rise record for glacial Termination 1 (Marine Isotope Stages [MIS] 2–1) based on ostracode paleoecology from the upper 8 m of the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Site M0080 collected on Expedition 381, in the Gulf of Alkyonides, eastern Corinth basin of the Mediterranean Sea. Results show a series of major faunal transitions from lacustrine (Ponto-Caspian, Lake Corinth) glacial-age assemblages to fully marine (Mediterranean) interglacial assemblages between 20 and 8 ka. During glacial and early deglacial intervals, the Gulf of Alkyonides was characterized by non-marine lacustrine conditions with episodic sediment input from coastal, saline lake environments. Relatively stable lake shoreline conditions marked by the distinctive Tuberoloxoconcha sp. Existed from ∼17.5 to 15 ka. During the peak deglacial interval, the BØlling-AllerØd (B-A, ∼15–13.5 ka), rapid sea-level rise is indicated by a fully marine ostracode fauna colonization, which persisted from 13.5 to 7.5 ka (Late Pleistocene-Early to Middle Holocene). The transition from lacustrine to marine environments confirms that during the last glacial maximum (LGM) low sea level (130 - 125 m below present day), the Corinth-Alkyonides depocentres were lacustrine. Marine water breached the shallow Rion and Acheloos-Cape Pappas sills, which today are ∼50–60 m deep, separating the Mediterranean and Corinth-Alkyonides system beginning about 15 ka. Based on Alkyonides sedimentation rates, mean rates of sea-level rise during the B-A flooding of the Corinth-Alkyonides system are comparable to those obtained from coral reef sea level (SL) records, at least 10–20 mm yr−1. Changes in sedimentation and sill depths in this tectonically active region may have played a role in reconnection of the Mediterranean and Corinth/Alkyonides system over a prolonged period. However, the ages and scale of the faunal changes and their clear correspondence with previously published global sea-level curves and the regional sea-level curve based on deglacial land elevation changes predicted by the ICE-7G model suggests the M0080A deglacial is dominated by the glacio-eustatic sea-level rise and records details of global climate changes during Termination 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108192
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023


  • Climate changes
  • Corinth basin
  • Ostracodes
  • Paleoenvironmental reconstruction
  • Termination 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology
  • Geology


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