A Meta-Analysis of Interpersonal and Organizational Workplace Deviance Research

Jeremy D. Mackey, Charn P. McAllister, B. Parker Ellen, Jack E. Carson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Workplace deviance research has expanded rapidly over the past decade. Despite the expansive body of research available, we have an incomplete understanding of the measurement, magnitude, and direction of relationships within workplace deviance’s nomological network. We draw from 235 empirical samples of data (k = 235, N = 66,990) to conduct random-effects meta-analyses of interpersonal (k = 156, N = 42,239) and organizational (k = 206, N = 60,008) workplace deviance research so we can build the solid foundation necessary to advance the conversation in this literature. We use an exploratory meta-analytic approach and the horizontal contrasting method of theory elaboration to provide a nuanced understanding of the relationship between interpersonal and organizational deviance (ρ =.67, k = 110, N = 30,426) as well as determine the magnitude and generalizability (i.e., external validity) of relationships within their nomological networks. We find some evidence of differences (i.e., heterogeneity) in the measurement and magnitude of relationships across contexts. Overall, we conduct a state-of-the-art meta-analysis that leverages contemporary meta-analytic techniques and the extensive body of empirical workplace deviance research available to improve our understanding of the measurement of workplace deviance and relationships within its nomological network. Our study instigates new debates about the completeness of our understanding of workplace deviance and provides the empirical building blocks necessary for this literature to reach its unrealized potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-622
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • CWB
  • counterproductive work behavior
  • deviance
  • meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management


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