Melioidosis, an infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, has a very high risk of mortality when treated, with an even higher risk of fatality if undiagnosed or not treated appropriately. It is endemic to Asia, Australia, South America, and the Caribbean; however, the number of melioidosis cases reported in the United States has been increasing. Therefore, physicians should be aware of this clinical entity and its possible presentations. Mycotic aneurysms due to B. pseudomallei are extremely rare, accounting for ~1%-2% of cases. Here we describe a rare case of melioidosis presenting as a mycotic aneurysm in the United States, highlight the potential for diagnostic challenges and epidemiologic concerns, and provide a review of mycotic aneurysm cases due to B. pseudomallei published to date.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology