Hawaii forest birds nesting in Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge were exposed to models of predators near their nests to measure behavioral responses. Responses to potential nest predators included vocalization rate, movement behavior, and nestling feeding. Predators were inert stick, introduced but abundant predator, a rat, and a novel predator, a snake, that does not occur on Hawaii.
|Date made available||2020|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|