A global database of Holocene paleo-temperature records

  • Darrell Kaufman (Creator)
  • Nicholas McKay (Creator)
  • Cody C. Routson (Creator)
  • Michael P. Erb (Creator)
  • Basil Davis (Creator)
  • Oliver Heiri (Creator)
  • S. Jaccard (Creator)
  • Jessica E. Tierney (Creator)
  • Christoph Dätwyler (Creator)
  • Y. Axford (Contributor)
  • Thomas Brussel (Creator)
  • O. Cartapanis (Creator)
  • Brian M. Chase (Creator)
  • Andria Dawson (Creator)
  • A. De Vernal (Contributor)
  • Stefan Engels (Creator)
  • L. Jonkers (Creator)
  • Jeremiah Marsicek (Creator)
  • Paola Moffa-Sánchez (Creator)
  • Carrie Morrill (Creator)
  • Anais J. Orsi (Contributor)
  • Kira Rehfeld (Creator)
  • Krystyna M. Saunders (Creator)
  • Philipp S. Sommer (Creator)
  • Elizabeth R. Thomas (Creator)
  • Marcela Tonello (Creator)
  • Mónika Tóth (Creator)
  • Richard Vachula (Creator)
  • Andrei Andreev (Creator)
  • S. Bertrand (Creator)
  • Boris Biskaborn (Creator)
  • Manuel Bringué (Creator)
  • S. J. Brooks (Creator)
  • Magaly Caniupán (Creator)
  • M. Chevalier (Creator)
  • L. C. Cwynar (Creator)
  • Julien Emile-Geay (Creator)
  • John Fegyveresi (Creator)
  • Angelica Feurdean (Creator)
  • W. Finsinger (Creator)
  • Marie Claude Fortin (Contributor)
  • Louise Foster (Creator)
  • Mathew Fox (Creator)
  • K. Gajewski (Creator)
  • Martin Grosjean (Creator)
  • Sonja Hausmann (Creator)
  • Markus Heinrichs (Creator)
  • Naomi Holmes (Creator)
  • Boris Ilyashuk (Creator)
  • Elena Ilyashuk (Creator)
  • Steve Juggins (Creator)
  • D. Khider (Creator)
  • Karin Koinig (Creator)
  • Peter Langdon (Creator)
  • Isabelle Larocque-Tobler (Creator)
  • Jianyong Li (Contributor)
  • André Lotter (Creator)
  • Tomi Luoto (Creator)
  • Anson Mackay (Creator)
  • Eniko Magyari (Contributor)
  • Steven Malevich (Creator)
  • Bryan Mark (Creator)
  • Julieta Massaferro (Creator)
  • Vincent Montade (Creator)
  • Larisa Nazarova (Creator)
  • E. Novenko (Creator)
  • Petr Pařil (Creator)
  • Emma Pearson (Creator)
  • M. Peros (Creator)
  • Reinhard Pienitz (Creator)
  • Mateusz Płóciennik (Creator)
  • David F. Porinchu (Creator)
  • Aaron Potito (Creator)
  • Andrew Rees (Creator)
  • Scott Reinemann (Creator)
  • Stephen Roberts (Creator)
  • Nicolas Rolland (Creator)
  • Sakari Salonen (Creator)
  • Angela Self (Creator)
  • H. Seppä (Creator)
  • Shyhrete Shala (Creator)
  • Jeannine Marie St Jacques (Contributor)
  • Barbara Stenni (Creator)
  • Liudmila Syrykh (Creator)
  • Pol Tarrats (Creator)
  • Karen Taylor (Creator)
  • Valerie van den Bos (Contributor)
  • Gaute Velle (Creator)
  • Eugene R. Wahl (Creator)
  • Ian R. Walker (Creator)
  • J. Wilmshurst (Creator)
  • Enlou Zhang (Contributor)
  • Snezhana Zhilich (Creator)



Temperature 12k database v1.0.0, as described in Scientific Data. Additional data and all updates at: www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/27330 Temperature 12k database is a global compilation of quality-controlled, published, temperature-sensitive proxy records extending back 12,000 years through the Holocene. Data compiled from 679 sites where time series cover at least 4000 years, are resolved at sub-millennial scale (median spacing of 400 years or finer) and have at least one age control point every 3000 years, with cut-off values slackened in data-sparse regions. The data derive from lake sediment (51%), marine sediment (31%), peat (11%), glacier ice (3%), and other natural archives. The database contains 1319 records, including 157 from the Southern Hemisphere. The multi-proxy database comprises paleo-temperature time series based on ecological assemblages, as well as biophysical and geochemical indicators that reflect mean annual or seasonal temperatures, as encoded in the database. This database can be used to reconstruct the spatio-temporal evolution of Holocene temperature at global to regional scales, and is publicly available in Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format.
Date made available2020
  • A global database of Holocene paleotemperature records

    Kaufman, D., McKay, N., Routson, C., Erb, M., Davis, B., Heiri, O., Jaccard, S., Tierney, J., Dätwyler, C., Axford, Y., Brussel, T., Cartapanis, O., Chase, B., Dawson, A., de Vernal, A., Engels, S., Jonkers, L., Marsicek, J., Moffa-Sánchez, P. & Morrill, C. & 73 others, Orsi, A., Rehfeld, K., Saunders, K., Sommer, P. S., Thomas, E., Tonello, M., Tóth, M., Vachula, R., Andreev, A., Bertrand, S., Biskaborn, B., Bringué, M., Brooks, S., Caniupán, M., Chevalier, M., Cwynar, L., Emile-Geay, J., Fegyveresi, J., Feurdean, A., Finsinger, W., Fortin, M. C., Foster, L., Fox, M., Gajewski, K., Grosjean, M., Hausmann, S., Heinrichs, M., Holmes, N., Ilyashuk, B., Ilyashuk, E., Juggins, S., Khider, D., Koinig, K., Langdon, P., Larocque-Tobler, I., Li, J., Lotter, A., Luoto, T., Mackay, A., Magyari, E., Malevich, S., Mark, B., Massaferro, J., Montade, V., Nazarova, L., Novenko, E., Pařil, P., Pearson, E., Peros, M., Pienitz, R., Płóciennik, M., Porinchu, D., Potito, A., Rees, A., Reinemann, S., Roberts, S., Rolland, N., Salonen, S., Self, A., Seppä, H., Shala, S., St-Jacques, J. M., Stenni, B., Syrykh, L., Tarrats, P., Taylor, K., van den Bos, V., Velle, G., Wahl, E., Walker, I., Wilmshurst, J., Zhang, E. & Zhilich, S., Dec 1 2020, In: Scientific Data. 7, 1, 115.

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